Why isn’t Portugal Part of Spain? (Expert’s Opinion)

Published Categorized as Portugal
Why isn't Portugal part of Spain

This post was most recently updated on January 6th, 2023

Portugal and Spain have always been different countries since a long time ago. Portugal isn’t a part of Spain because historically, Spain and Portugal have often followed different paths and had different interests.

As a matter of fact, Portugal is roughly 3 centuries older than Spain.

Portugal got its independence in 1143 AD from the kingdom of Leon, whereas Spain came into existence from the unification of 2 kingdoms, Aragon and Castillia in 1492 AD.

Portugal and Spain have always been different countries since a long time ago

Most historians suggest, the question “Why isn’t Portugal a part of Spain” should actually be asked as “Why isn’t Spain a part of Portugal”. Well, neither of them is part of either country.

Today in this article, we will discuss the comparison between Portugal and Spain in different aspects.


Is Portugal Bigger than Spain?

The total area of Portugal is 92,212 sq km and the total area of Spain is 505,990 sq km. Portugal is smaller than Spain by 413,778 sq km. Portugal is around 5.5 times smaller than Spain.

Area of Portugal:  35,603 sq mi ( 92,212 km2 )

Area of Portugal compared to Spain

Area of Spain:  195,360 sq mi ( 505,990 km2 )

Area of Spain compared to Portugal


Based on the Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data, the total population of Portugal as of 20th November 2022, is estimated to be around 10,126,565.

Population of Portugal compared to Spain

According to the data from Worldometer, the current population of Spain as of 20th November 2022 is estimated to be around 46,797,853.

Population of Spain compared to Portugal

Here is some more data comparison between Portugal and Spain.

The capital city of Portugal is Lisbon and the capital city of Spain is Madrid.


Both Portugal and Spain use Euro as their official currency.

Official Languages

Portugal: Portuguese
Spain: Spanish

Calling Code

Portugal: +351
Spain: +34

Human Development Index

HDI of Portugal as of 2022: 0.866
HDI of Spain as of 2022: 0.905

Portugal Timezone:

UTC (Western European Time)
UTC – 1 (Atlantic, Azores)

Summer (DST):
UTC + 1 (Western European Summer Time )
UTC (Atlantic, Azores)

ISO 3166 Code

Portugal: PT
Spain: ES

Spain Timezone: 

UTC + 0 to UTC + 1 (Western European Time and Central European Time)

Summer (DST):
UTC + 1 to UTC + 2 (Western European Summer Time and Central European Summer Time)

Geological Coordinates

Coordinates of Portugal:
38° 42′ 0″ N9° 11′ 0″ W

Coordinates of Spain:
40° 0′ 0″ N4° 0′ 0″ W

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